The FORUM-AE project’s consortium comprises 13 partners and 3 associated organisations from 11 different European countries.


partners map

Map of FORUM-AE Partners Countries (including countries represented in ECATS partner network)


The consortium includes a well balanced number of industrial partners and academic ones. The industrial partners represent all the components of the air transport: the major European air-framer, major European engine manufacturers, a major airline active in mitigating environmental impacts and an airport with recognised concern on air quality improvement. The academic partners offer a very rich spectrum of competencies in all the aviation emissions topics: scientific expertise in climate change impact, in air quality, in flight physics, in propulsion, in combustion, in operation procedures, in alternative fuels, in measurements, in life cycle analysis... Among all the partners, some have a broad experience in consultancy and support to the public administration in policy development and compliance of environmental protection regulation for aviation, and many are regular participants to ICAO CAEP working groups to elaborate future environmental regulations.


Partners Participant Organisation Name Short name Country
1 (CO) Snecma SN FR
2 Airbus SAS AI FR
3 Deutsches Zentrum für Luftund Raumfahrt e.V. DLR DE
4 Deutsche Lufthansa AG DLH DE
6 Flughafen Zurich AG FZAG CH
7 IFP Energies nouvelles IFPEN FR
8 Manchester Metropolitan University MMU UK
9 Stichting National Lucht - En Ruimtevaart laboratorium NLR NL

Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aerospatiales

11 Rolls Royce Group plc RR UK
12 Rolls Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG RRD DE
14 Eurocontrol (associated) ECTL FR
15 Joint Research Center (associated) JRC BE
16 Turbomeca (associated) TM FR

FORUM-AE Partners Table


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Snecma is a company of Safran Group, which is a high technology group, specialised in Aerospace Defense and Security, with annual sales of more than 10.0 billion Euros (2010). Snecma is one of the world's leading aerospace propulsion companies, with a wide range of propulsion systems on offer. By drawing on these propulsion technologies, Snecma leverages its ability to deliver innovative solutions and develop the multidisciplinary synergies which are critical for tomorrow's air and space powerplants. In the civil aviation sector, Snecma develops, produces and markets the best-selling family of CFM56 turbofans through CFM International (equally-owned with General Electric), or the SaM146 engine for the SuperJet 100 aircraft. Snecma is currently developing in collaboration with GE, the future LEAP engine to replace the CFM56 engine. Snecma is involved in several RTD projects linked to engine technology & architecture or combustor technology, including several FP6 and FP7 projects, either as coordinator (e.g. VITAL in FP6, KIAI in FP7) or partner (e.g. NEWAC-FP6, LEMCOTEC-FP7). Snecma is a main partner of SAGE ITD in Clean-Sky FP7 JU.

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Airbus Company is 100% owned by EADS (European Aeronautic, Defense & Space Company) and is a truly global enterprise of some 57,000 employees. It draws together the skills and expertise of four national entities in France, Germany, UK and Spain with a total of 16 sites in Europe. Airbus is also working in the frame of industrial co-operation and partnerships, with fully-owned subsidiaries, spare parts centres, training centres and field service offices around the world. In 2010, Airbus achieved a turnover of around EUR 30 billion and successfully secured the support of more than 6,500 Airbus aircraft currently in service with over 300 operators on five continents. To date, Airbus has booked more than 11,000 orders from some 300 customers. Airbus SAS has participated at several international working groups related to long term objectives and regulation issues (CO2), and produces regular market forecasts as support for ICAO/FESG.

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DLR – (DE)

DLR is the German National Aerospace Centre and a member of the "Helmholtz Association of National Research Centres" in Germany. According to its profile DLR performs research and development of novel technologies in the space, aeronautics, transport and energy fields. It builds and operates large-scale test facilities, operates a research aircraft fleet, accepts management tasks for national and international funding agencies and trains junior scientists. DLR has leading expertise in various areas with respect to air transport emissions and the related atmospheric impact. DLR is or has been Co-ordinator or member in the following ongoing national or EC projects: POLINAT, INCA, KEROMIX, PAZI, AERONOX,  AERO-TRACE, NEPAIR, PARTEMIS, CYPRESS, AERO2K, CONSAVE 2050, MONITOR, HISAC, ALFABIRD, ECATS, Clean Sky Technology Evaluator, SESAR JU, REACT4C, and SiATEAM.

With respect to Aviation and Environment, DLR offers high level competence and long-term experience in all three fields outlined in the work programme as key areas.

Environmental Impacts Regarding engine technology DLR offers detailed engine cycle and emissions analysis for existing engines and investigates key reaction systems for pollutant formation by high pressure shock tube techniques and chemical kinetic modelling. DLR investigates the decay of wake vortices and their role in pollutant transport on airports. DLR has experience in developing future emission databases for emission scenarios in aviation. Furthermore, outstanding contributions to the subject of atmospheric impact of aviation-related emissions were made by DLR, such as the quantification of environmental impacts of technology improvements within European projects, where DLR presently acts as co-ordinator of the EU project Clean Sky Technology Evaluator.

Mitigation Solutions DLR assesses the climate impact of technological as well as operational mitigation options. Regarding engine technology and alternative fuels, DLR offers detailed engine cycle and emissions analysis for future engines and aircraft concepts. Amongst others, studies on the impact of low-NOx combustion, the fuel sulphur content on optical and microphysical properties of contrails and contrail-cirrus transition were performed in this field. DLR investigated the impact of systematically lowered flight altitude on the chemical composition of the atmosphere, on the formation of contrails, and on climate, and has experience with regard to the optimisation of flight routes with respect to minimum environmental impact. DLR coordinates REACT4C (FP7 EU) which investigates climate-optimal aircraft trajectories and evaluates their potential environmental benefit.

Regulation issues Development and operation of non-intrusive laser-based and intrusive methods for gas-phase and particulate exhaust products, and characterisation of exhaust components from model burners, combustors and gas turbines in test rigs as well as altitude test facilities. DLR contributes to the international Society of Automotive Engineering Committee SAE-E31 and to the ICAO Working Group 3 Emissions – Technical Issues. Development and operation of fast-responding methods for the measurement of sub 100 nm particles and conduction of high-level measurement of gaseous and particulate constituents of aircraft engine exhaust in-flight as well as during ground-based experiments. DLR is involved in the development and evaluation of including aviation in ETS. DLR has experience in the qualitative and quantitative assessment of policy measures and regulations on aviation within European projects, and acts presently as co-ordinator of the EU project TEAM_Play in this field.


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Deutsche Lufthansa AG – DLH – (DE)

Being a major carrier operating a fleet of almost 650 aircraft within the Lufthansa Group global network, we have dedicated considerable resources to european und nationally funded R&D projects in the past. Several projects have been initiated and participated in (MOZAIC, IAGOS, CARIBIC, FREQUENZ, LAnAb, Deterioration of engines, ERAT, MODAL amongst others) and thus a profound and integrated knowledge of the environmental impact of aviation has been accumulated, as far as noise and gaseous emissions are concerned. With this experience Lufthansa is in the position to provide knowledge in a variety of aeronautical issues like flight operations, capacity of airports and airspace, crew- and training issues. Furthermore Lufthansa is involved in a number of international committees dealing with flight operations, safety, infrastructure and environmental issues.


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ECATS is an International Association established in 2010 under Belgian Law with the overall scope to help to make aviation sustainable. With initial funding from the European Commission, ECATS’ role has been from the beginning to create and coordinate the work of a closely-knit network of experts across Europe. The network has impressive resources at its disposal for research into aviation and the environment with partners from currently six European countries. ECATS is building up, maintaining and extending scientific expertise; further linking and integrating expertise in relevant thematic areas. It fully exploits the multi-disciplinary platform available in ECATS. It has experience in organising exchange of information on development of related research on the basis of workshops, reports and publications, but also education and training. Completed by web-based information it provides an efficient liaison between customers and experts by providing integrated and professional support. Finally, by this it fosters the technical, strategic and political debate on Aviation & Environment.As a scientifically sound and internationally competitive flexible organisation structure, it is ideally qualified to contribute to this Coordination Action, by providing in-depth integration of the expertise available across Europe. The flexible network structure with more than 200 researchers allows to efficiently integrate selected experts in FORUM-AE dependent on specific expertise required.With respect to the Aviation and Environment which refer to the key areas outlined in the work programme, ECATS offers high level competence and long experience via its partners expertise in all three areas. Considerable expertise has been gained in organisation, management and efficient dissemination of science related knowledge on aviation and environment.Air Quality ECATS has unique expertise and the capability of assessing impact on local and regional air quality ranging from the dispersion of emissions from aero-engines through to the impact of other emission sources and their interaction with background pollutant concentrations, with access to required computational and experimental infrastructures.

Climate Impact Via participation in numerous European and international research projects, ECATS has longstanding experience in studying climate impact of aviation emissions. In terms of scientific understanding and expertise, particular attention is given in ECATS on contributions to scientific assessments, e.g. IPCC and ATTICA (FP6).

Green Flight One promising mitigation solution for greening of aircraft investigated within ECATS are assessments for green flight operational concepts, at cruise level and in the airport vicinity. ECATS partners have linked their expertise via interdependency modelling, in order to deliver assessments of environmental impact on various scales (airports, regional, global).

Measurement techniques ECATS has longstanding experience in development of measurement techniques for gaseous and particulate matter emission compounds. Contributions to expert groups on national, European and International level have been completed, e.g., with EASA, SAE-31 and ICAO and particular focus on particle emissions.

Alternative Fuels ECATS has jointly developed expertise on characterisation of drop-in fuels, in order to assure compliance with technical environments (elastomer compatibility, and airport air quality (atmospheric reactivity, emissions). ECATS has many years of relevant experience in performance modelling of current and future engine configurations, investigating pollutant formation and characterisation of engine emissions.


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Flughafen Zürich AG – FZAG – (CH) 

Flughafen Zürich AG is owner and operator of Zurich's intercontinental airport. It was established in its present form on 1 January 2000 and is headquartered in Kloten. We are a private company, which operates Switzerland’s national and international transport hub and service complex, Zurich Airport, under a federal concession. We employ approximately 1,500 staff. Together with more than 270 airport business partners and their 25,000 employees, we ensure that the comprehensive public transport infrastructure functions smoothly and efficiently for all users of the airport. When formulating and implementing its strategy, the operator of Zurich Airport gives due consideration to the three aspects of cost-efficiency, the environment and social responsibility in its decision-making. In terms of environmental protection, Zurich airport is one of the leading airports with regard to local air quality and climate change. Over the past 20 years, Zurich airport has been on the fore front of developing expertise, methodologies and tools for air quality assessments at airports from aircraft and airport operations (both for measuring and modelling) and mitigation planning. The expertise has been shared through consulting work to other aviation entities and organisations worldwide. Zurich airport has significantly driven the development of several guidance manuals for local air quality (ICAO Doc 9889) and climate change (ACI Greenhouse Gas Emission Manual) and of assessment tools like LASPORT or ACERT (ACI Carbon Emission Reporting Tool).Flughafen Zürich AG is involved in several international programs linked to environmental protection such as ICAO/CAEP (Modelling and Database Group) and SJU/SESAR (WP16, Transversal Area, local air quality requirements and specification).


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IFP Energies nouvelles is a public-sector research, innovation and training center active in the fields of energy, transport and the environment. Its mission is to provide public players and industry with efficient, economical, clean and sustainable technologies to take up the three major challenges facing society in the 21st century: climate change and environmental impacts, energy diversification and water resource management. It boasts world-class expertise.

IFP Energies nouvelles sets out 5 complementary, inextricably-linked strategic priorities that are central to its public-interest mission. Renewable energies: producing fuels, chemical intermediates and energy from renewable sources. Eco-friendly production: producing energy while mitigating the environmental footprint  Innovative transport: developing fuel-efficient, environmentally-friendly transport. Eco-efficient processes:  producing environmentally-friendly fuels and chemical intermediates from fossil resources. Sustainable resources: providing environmentally-friendly technologies and pushing back the current boundaries of oil and gas reserves.

An integral part of IFP Energies nouvelles, its graduate engineering school prepares future generations to take up these challenges.

IFPEN environmental, combustion and fuel teams are involved in several research programmes around aeronautics in the frame of the FP6/7 EU programme, such as KIAI, TIMECOP, ALFA-BIRD or in the SWAFEA EU programme. Moreover, IFPEN expertise is recognized in the field of pollutant emissions (with, for instance, an important participation in the FP6 "PARTICULATES" programme) but also alternative fuel production and characterization (EU programmes NILE, NEDENEF, OPTFUEL...). IFPEN has also been involved in the development of standards on road transport pollutant emissions, especially particulate matter measurements (UNECE PMP standard on particle number measurement).


 logo manchester metropolitan university


The Centre for Aviation Transport and Environment (CATE) at Manchester Metropolitan University is a research centre of national and international importance in the field of aviation and the environment, including emissions inventory development and emission scenarios, climate modelling, chemical transport modelling, cloud and contrail formation assessment and aviation policy development. CATE has been involved in several FP6 and FP7 projects including: AERONET, ECATS, QUANTIFY, ATTICA, TEAM_PLAY and REACT4C. CATE provides an on-going role in providing scientific support in the field of aviation and the environment to UK government representatives. CATE staff attend a number of the ICAO/CAEP working groups and sub-groups.


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National Aerospace Laboratory– NLR – (NL) 

The National Aerospace Laboratory NLR – in Dutch: Nationaal Lucht- en Ruimtevaartlaboratorium – is a non-profit organisation established in 1919 ( It is the central institute in the Netherlands for aerospace research and developments. Its mission is to give scientific and technical support to organisations like government agencies, aerospace industry, and civil and military operators. Dedicated to innovation in aerospace and being a major European aeronautical research institute, NLR’s support varies from research and technology and operational assessment studies to system development. NLR has an approximate turnover of 75 Million Euro and it employs a staff of about 650 persons (of which two-third with a high educational background).NLR’s expertise includes aviation & environment topics such as noise, emissions and third party risk, including validated computer modelling system facilities. NLR carried out many research projects to support sustainable air traffic growth, such as: Evaluation of environmentally friendly flight procedures Global aviation emissions modelling and analysis of technical, operational and policy options, including cost benefit analysis (AERO modelling system)Integrated modelling, impact assessment and evaluation of (local) noise, emissions, third party risk and interdependencies for policy- and decision-makers at airports, regulators, ANSPs, airlines, industry and consultants.Moreover, NLR collaborates with aviation industry in various national / international projects in line with the ACARE goals and development of necessary technologies and tools enabling further acceleration and introduction of alternative fuels in aviation. NLR assisted RNLAF in the preparation and execution of a test flight with an Apache combat helicopter in which one of the engines ran on a mixture of regular kerosene and Bio-Jet fuel. NLR has a broad network of contacts, for instance, through management team positions and participation in European networks like ECATS and X-NOISE, and task groups such as the Modelling Interdependencies Task Group (MITG) of ECAC/ANCAT.


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ONERA –ON – (FR)  

ONERA was created in 1946 as a public research institute in the area of aeronautics, and also space from 1963.The competence of the ONERA staff in a wide variety of scientific and technical disciplines related to all fields of aeronautics and space: aircraft, helicopter, missile, launch vehicle, spacecraft, sensors and so on. They are supported by a broad set of technical means including scientific instruments, lab and large scale facilities, high performance computers and simulation tools, both for long term research or programs technical support. ONERA is a multi-disciplinary research organisation in which scientists and engineers make concurrent progress in theoretical, computation and experimental research.ONERA is largely involved in the future of aeronautics in Europe. It has already participated to different European programs: Brite Euram Low NOx (from 1988), ERCOFTAC, LOPOCOTEP, DWDIE. SIA-Team, MOLECULES, TIMECOP, NEWAC, TLC, MUSCLES, AERONOX, AEROCHEM, AEROCONTRAIL, 4MIDaBLE, FULMEN, INCA, MENELAS, TLC, CleanSky, ECATS, QUANTIFY etc.


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Rolls-Royce plc – RR – (UK)

Rolls-Royce is a global business providing integrated power systems for use on land, at sea and in the air. The Group has a balanced business portfolio with leading market positions. Our success in aerospace is based on our wide product portfolio, our access to global markets and the strength of our gas turbine technology. The aero-gas turbines designed and manufactured by Rolls-Royce plc cover thrust range 40,000 to above 100,000lbs thrust. In the civil aviation sector, RR-UK develops, produces and markets the best-selling family of Trent turbofans. RR-UK is currently developing the Trent XWB engine with a targeted certification date of 2015. Rolls-Royce is involved in several R&T projects linked to engine technology & architecture or combustor technology, including several FP6 and FP7 projects, either as coordinator or partner VITAL in FP6, KIAI in FP7 or partner (e.g. NEWAC-FP6, LEMCOTEC-FP7). RR-UK is a main partner of SAGE ITD in Clean-Sky FP7 JU.


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Rolls-Royce Deutschland – RRD – (DE)

Rolls-Royce Deutschland is part of the Rolls-Royce Aerospace Group and is responsible for the design, development and manufacture of aero-engines in the thrust range from 13,000 to 40,0  00 lbf. The current main development programmes are related to BR700 family with a thrust range from 14,000lbs to 23,000lbf, aiming at both the regional aircraft market covering 60 to 130 seats and the long range business jet market.The first member of this family, the BR710 with a take-off thrust from 14,000 to 17,000 lbf, received airworthiness approval in August 1996 and powers the Gulfstream GV, G500/G550, the Bombardier Global Express and the marine patrol aircraft BAE Systems Nimrod MRA4. The latest engine, the BR725, has a take-off thrust of 16,100lbf and powers the ultra-long range Gulfstream G650, was certified by EASA and FAA in 2009. RRD is a partner in the European consortium EPI which builds the turboprop engine TP400-D6 for the Airbus A400M aircraft and is responsible for HP compressor and system integration. RRD is responsible for the group’s share in the IAE V2500 twin-shaft turbofan for short and medium range aircraft, which is installed on the Airbus A319, A320 and A321 and the A319 Corporate Jet.RRD’s combustion department has been a leading partner in a number of FP4 (LowNOx III), FP5 (LOPOCOTEP, ICLEAC, CYPRESS, MUSCLES, MOLECULES, CFD4C), FP6 (INTELLECT D.M., TLC, TimeCOP-AE and ELECT-AE) and FP7 (KIAI, TECC-AE, FIRST, LEMCOTEC, IMPACT-AE) projects. RRD has a fairly extensive experience in combustion CFD and testing and low emission combustion development.


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SENASA (Services and Studies for Air Navigation and Aeronautical Safety) is a public company acting as a recognised “Instrumental resource and technical service of the Government of Spain and its public corporations”. In accordance with its Strategic Plan, SENASA is a company committed to aviation safety that provides aviation consultancy services, technical assistance, training, and aircraft maintenance and operations, nationally and internationally, based on criteria of efficiency, effectiveness and quality. It provides support to the Spanish aeronautical governmental institutions (mainly Civil Aviation Authority and Accident Investigation Body), by means of the execution of inspections, audits, certifications, standardization and technical assistance in the following fields of Airworthiness, Aircraft Maintenance and Flight Operations; Single European Sky (ATM/CNS, Aeronautical Meteorology and AIS) and Airports; Environment and Sustainability; Security; Aviation Staff Licensing (Air Traffic Controllers, pilots, technical staff, etc.) among others. It provides integral coverage including Inspection, Supervision, Certification, Technical Standards, Environment, Research and Technical Assistance. The organisation has extensive experience in delivering a broad range of training programmes including, but not limited to air traffic control, aeronautical safety, regulation and regulatory titles, language proficiency, SAFA inspector, flight crew and e-learning solutions.SENASA launched an independent project in 2007, the Observatory of Sustainability in Aviation (OBSA) that aims to be a reference point on aviation and sustainability, for rigorous compilation, elaboration, analysis, evaluation and diffusion of the existing information on sustainability in the aviation sector, considering the social, economic and environmental dimensions. OBSA’s three main tasks are: Observation, Diffusion and Technical Analysis. In the recent years, SENASA has been giving support to the Spanish public Administration in the implementation of the European Emissions Trading System in the aviation sector, as well as direct support to aircraft operators on behalf of the Air Safety Agency. It also has experience in emissions modeling and other actions to support the national emissions inventory for aviation.SENASA is currently working on several projects related with the impulse of the industrial use of biofuels in the aviation sector.  It is also the coordinator of the Spanish Sustainable Transport Working Group, integrated in the Spanish Sustainability Observatory’s network.


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The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation, EUROCONTROL, was founded in 1963. It is an intergovernmental organisation supporting its member states in the development, implementation and operation of a seamless, performance driven pan-European Air Traffic Management network. EUROCONTROL is a civil - military organisation with currently 39 member states.The main activities of EUROCONTROL are focused upon the coordination and planning of air traffic management across Europe. This involves working with air transport stakeholders from the national authorities, air navigation service providers, civil and military airspace users, airports, and other organizations. Its activities involve all gate-to-gate air navigation service operations: Network Management, controller training, regional control of airspace, safety-proven technologies and procedures, collection of air navigation charges, regulatory support functions and research.EUROCONTROL has a long history in research and the co-ordination and monitoring of European ATM related research, most notably through its engagement in ACARE and in the ARDEP products.EUROCONTROL is a founding member of the SESAR Joint Undertaking and is actively engaged in the co-ordination of European research related to the modernisation of the European ATM system and its further improvement, with particular emphasis upon the overall performance of the European ATM network. Through its recognised capabilities and expertise, it contributes actively to the research, development and validation of future technical and operational improvements.EUROCONTROL will bring in FORUM-AE its expertise and previous experience in the environmental domain covering air quality, noise and climate change impact assessments, ATM mitigations (Operational procedures), regulation issues (MBM).


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The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the Directorate General of the European Commission which acts as a reference centre of science and technology for the European Union. The mission of the JRC is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. Close to the policy-making process, it serves -the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, whether private or national.The mission of the Institute for Energy and Transport (IET) of the JRC is to provide support to Community policies related to both nuclear and non-nuclear energy in order to ensure sustainable, secure and efficient energy production, distribution and use, including in transport. The mission of the Institute for Environment and Sustainability (IES) is to provide scientific and technical support to EU policies for the protection of the European and global environment.


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Turbomeca is a member of the Propulsion branch of the SAFRAN Group, an international high technology group with four core businesses: aerospace propulsion, aircraft equipment, defense security and communications. Turbomeca is the world leader in the design, production and sale of gas turbines for helicopters. It also produces turbines for trainers and support. As the leading manufacturer of helicopter engines, Turbomeca offers the world’s most comprehensive range of engines, strong co-operations with customers and closest customer service proximity. Through research and development Turbomeca’s reputation for reliability, simplicity and cost optimisation is unique. Our current product philosophy is founded upon significant investment in research and development, which allows our customers to take advantage of the most recent technology (design, the latest materials, noise and emission reduction…), upon a real potential to increase power output and upon a comprehensive engine follow-up.Combustion Group: The combustion group designs, tests, and supports the combustors of Turbomeca’s gas turbines. This group is strongly involved in national and European research projects to develop low-NOx injection technologies and advanced modelling tools.


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MAKINA-CORPUS – MKC – (FR) (Web developer subcontractor)   

MAKINA CORPUS is a French software SME specialised in complex web applications. The company has a proven track record in Geographic Information Systems and Decision Support (Business Intelligence); it uses mainly free and open source software.Makina Corpus has provided Web application of portal / extranet / intranet , data management, business intelligence, spatial and monitoring solutions for NATO, EU-funded SAFEMED program, ADEME (French Environment and Energy Management Agency), United Nations, Total,  Association of French Airports (Alfa ACI ), International Council for Science (ICSU).



The project relies also on the expertise and experience of “External Focal Points” from Aeroport de Paris (AdP ; FR), FOCA (CH), TAROM (RO), MTU (DE), Franckfort-Airport (Fraport ; DE), CIAM (RU), Safran-Tech (FR).